PROVENANCE: given to Henry Penfold by Rosa[lind], Countess of Carlisle, September 8, 1917
Private Collection, UK
Done on a small board on the spot, the snaking Valsrivier is a slick, wet stroke of white, playing against the frothy yellow freesia in the foreground. Kroonstad was the site of a refugee camp during the second Boer War, a conflict the Howards publicly opposed. Howard studied in London under Giovanni Costa, the Italian landscape artist at the core of the Etruscan Movement, which embraced plein air painting.